If your child has a nose bleed, sit your child up and lean him forward to prevent swallowing of blood.
What Causes Nose Bleeds?
Nose bleeds are common in children. They are usually not due to serious conditions & result from irritation to the normally fragile surface of the nasal lining, commonly from nose picking or nose rubbing.
It is commonly associated with allergic rhinitis (also referred to as “sensitive nose” or “sinus”), where the child sneezes and rubs his/her nose a lot, resulting in frequent nose bleeds. Treatment of the allergic rhinitis with anti-histamines, intra-nasal corticosteroid sprays and house dust mite avoidance at home will help to improve the nasal symptoms and indirectly reduce nose bleeds.
It can also be caused by trauma, where the child falls and hit his/her nose.
Nose bleeds are less commonly caused by nasal infections, blood disorders or abnormal growths within the nose (such as tumours).
What to Do when Your Child has a Nose Bleed?
Sit the child up and lean forward to prevent him/her from swallowing blood
Pinch the tip and the soft part of the nose
Do NOT insert tissues, gauze into the nose
If the bleeding persists for more than 15 minutes, see a doctor. For the next few days:
Avoid further irritation to the nose
Instruct the child to blow his nose gently if needed
When Should I See a Doctor for My Child’s Nose Bleed?
When nose bleeds become more frequent and difficult to stop
When there is bleeding elsewhere, e.g. in stools, urine and tears
When the child seems to bruise easily or bleeds from wounds that are difficult to stop
When there are rashes/bruises on the skin and the child appears pale, tired or ill
When you are unsure of what to do or are concerned if there is any serious condition
Read other health topics related to nose bleeding in babies and young children: